Castilla y León has registered 15,457 cybercrimes in 2020, which is 41 percent more than those registered the previous year, when 10,964 were reported. In this way, the Community is the sixth autonomy most affected by this type of crime, after Catalonia, Madrid, Andalusia, the Valencian Community and the Basque Country, according to the VIII Report on Cybercrime, published by the Ministry of the Interior, which counts 287,963 criminal acts related to information technologies in Spain, 31.9 percent more than in 2019.
Of the 15,457, practically all (89.5 percent), 13,841 cybercrimes, are computer frauds, followed at a long distance by threats and coercion, which were 772 in 2020 (slight decrease from the 2019 figure, when there were 806) , and computer counterfeits (362), which have grown exponentially since 2011.
Likewise, Interior has specified that the data recorded in the last decade confirm that cybercrime is a growing phenomenon and that its proportional weight within the crime group is progressively increasing. In that year the number of crimes of this type barely reached 2,000 in the Community.
Across the country, according to what happened in Castilla y León, of the total known cybercrimes, 89.6 percent (257,907) have been computer frauds (scams). Threats and coercion committed over the Internet followed a long way behind (14,066 cases), representing 4.9 percent.
The report indicates that the profile of the cybercriminal is a man (73.3 percent of those arrested or investigated), between 26 and 40 years old and of Spanish nationality, allegedly involved in the commission of computer fraud, threats and coercion and sexual crimes. From a geographical point of view, the distribution of cybercrime places Catalonia, Madrid, Andalusia and the Valencian Community among the communities, which concentrate the most criminal offenses.
After them, the Basque Country, Castilla y León, Galicia, the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Castilla-La Mancha appear in tenth place. At the bottom of the list by number of registered crimes are La Rioja, Cantabria, Navarra, Extremadura and the autonomous cities. Interior remarked that Castilla y León, usually in the latter positions as far as crime is concerned, is at the top of the table when dealing with complaints related to cybercrime.
Throughout 2020, 861 cybersecurity incidents were also reported in critical infrastructures in the country, 5.2 percent more than the previous year, according to the information registered by the Cybersecurity Coordination Office (OCC) and by the National Institute of Cybersecurity of Spain (INCIBE). By areas, the highest number of incidents affected the tax and financial sectors (52.5 percent), followed by transportation (24.08 percent) and energy (14.05 percent).
This VIII Report on Cybercrime collects information from all the police forces of the national territory, both in the known facts and in arrests and investigated, reason that has allowed to reconstruct and update the historical series since 2016.
The Ministry explained that the progressive increase in crimes related to information and communication technologies has prompted this year the creation of the Strategic Plan against Cybercrime, with the aim of enhancing the capacities to combat this criminal modality. Approved by the Executive Coordination Committee (CECO) of the Ministry of the Interior on February 18, the plan has provided the department with the necessary resources to face cybercrime in five areas: detection, prevention, protection, response and prosecution. as well as adequate attention to the victims.
In the design of the plan, directed by the Cybersecurity Coordination Office (OCC), officials, specialists, authorities and experts from the National Police and Civil Guard, regional police, the General Council of the Judiciary, the State Attorney General’s Office, the General Council have participated. of the Spanish Lawyers, CCN-CERT and INCIBE-CERT, Intelligence Center against Terrorism and Organized Crime (CITCO), National Center for the Protection of Infrastructures and Cybersecurity (CNPIC), as well as the university, banking and other private institutions.