Why today is World Heart Day



Since the year 2000, the World Heart Day. The event, initiative of the World Heart Federation and the sponsorships of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) aim to make the population aware of the importance of cardiovascular disease (CVD), in order to promote its control.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. It is estimated that each year the lives of 17.9 million people. In 2015, 17.7 million people died from this cause, which represents a 31% of all deaths recorded in the world. More than four out of every five deaths from this type of disease are due to coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents, and a third of them occur prematurely in people under 70 years old.

As explained from the Spanish Journal of Cardiology, the number of deaths from CVD is very likely to increase in the coming years, especially in developing countries, which have not yet passed the ‘first wave’ of CVD (rheumatic heart disease and Chagas disease as a result of infections) and who are already under the effects of the “second wave”, ischemic heart disease.

People in low- and middle-income countries with cardiovascular disease often have a less access to efficient healthcare services and equitable that respond to your needs. For this reason, many people die younger, usually in their most productive age, from CVD and other noncommunicable diseases.

What are cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular diseases are those that affect the heart and blood vessels. Among them we can distinguish:

Coronary cardiopathy: disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle.

Cerebrovascular diseases: those that affect the blood vessels that supply the brain.

Peripheral arteriopathies: ailments that affect the blood vessels supplying the upper and lower limbs.

Rheumatic heart disease: lesions of the heart and heart valves caused by rheumatic fever (that produced by streptococcal bacteria).

Congenital heart disease: malformations of the heart present from birth.

Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms– Blood clots (thrombi) form in the veins of the legs that can break off and lodge in the vessels of the heart and lungs.

On the other hand we can distinguish the heart attacks and celebratory vascular accidents (CVA), acute phenomena that are normally due to blockages in the blood vessels that prevent blood from flowing normally to the heart or brain. They normally occur when a fat deposit forms in the blood vessels.

Although many of these pathologies have a certain genetic predisposition, most can be avoided with Healthy habits, avoiding tobacco consumption, unhealthy diets and obesity, physical inactivity and the harmful consumption of alcohol.

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