The transition to the electric vehicle will generate a significant transfer of jobs, which will help offset the negative effects of trends such as loss of production volume, productivity and, above all, relocation. It is one of the conclusions of the study “Transition to the electric vehicle” prepared by the Boston Consulting Group for the Business Association for the Development and Promotion of Electric Mobility
This study has analyzed how the substitution of the combustion engine for an electric motor will affect employment in Spain, setting the year 2030 as the horizon. For the preparation of this report 26 industrial activities and 31 work families have been taken into account related to the development of the electric vehicle, both the traditional automotive industries (original equipment manufacturers, suppliers and after-sales), as well as related industries (suppliers of production machines, recharging infrastructures and energy producers), as well as six major trends in the automotive industry.
According to the report, the automotive sector in its transition to electricity will have a negative impact on employment, reducing the total number of jobs in the industrial part by about 29,000 jobs until 2030, 8% less compared to 2019, when a total of 344,000 professionals were employed in Spain.
According to the organization
Transport & Environment (T&E), electromobility is the only key that can open the door to the future for the automobile industry in Spain, given that the current model, based mainly on the manufacture of vehicles with internal combustion engines, has no future.
Due to the inevitable process of modernization and robotization of the industry, which will lead to a simplification of its production processes and a lower need for labor, it is expected that, in its current configuration, the automotive industry as a whole will lose some 29,000 jobs in Spain until 2030. This job loss cannot be attributed to the electric vehicle. Quite the contrary. Thanks to the transition to electromobility, there will be substantial employment gains in related industries, due to the development of the recharging infrastructure, software and services linked to this transition.
In this way, the BCG and AEDIVE report details that there would be a positive impact on employment in the following fields: equipment and services, energy producers, energy infrastructure and material recycling.
For T&E, the transition to the electric vehicle is the key to mitigate the impact on employment generated by factors exogenous to the electrification of transport. For this reason, it is important for Spain to commit to building a powerful and attractive internal market for the electric vehicle, with the aim of ensuring that this favorable ecosystem attracts sufficient investment from the large manufacturers to guarantee that the country’s automobile industry continues maintaining its leadership and its contribution to the national economy and employment.
This organization considers that the Strategic Project for the Recovery and Economic Transformation of the Electric and Connected Vehicle (VEC LOSS) is a step in the right direction, but Spain must also show its ambition at a European level, supporting the European Commission’s proposal to put an end to the sale of cars and internal combustion vans in the year 2035, as well as intermediate emission reduction targets that pave the way for accelerating electrification. Most European manufacturers have already shown great commitments in this regard and their plans are much more ambitious than those of the Spanish government, which remains anchored in 2040 as the date for the prohibition of the sale of internal combustion cars and vans. In addition, it is essential to advance the deployment of charging infrastructure throughout the national territory, so that both Spaniards and Europeans can drive around the country in a zero-emission vehicle without any problem.
Spain is the second largest car manufacturer in Europe and the eighth in the world and must continue to be so for this strategic sector to continue to be a fundamental pillar of our economy.