In recent years, the presence of personal mobility vehicles (PMVs) in Spanish cities is a reality that is changing, along with other factors, mobility in cities. According to various estimates, there more than 1 million VMP circulating every day through the cities. In 2020, 8 users of personal mobility vehicles died, 97 were hospitalized injured and 1,097 were non-hospitalized injured. In addition, the circulation of these vehicles is prohibited on crossroads, interurban roads and motorways and highways and through urban tunnels.
In this way, all the VMPs that are commercialize from January 22, 2024 will be brands and models of VMP that have been certified. All vehicles marketed until January 22, 2024 will be able to circulate until January 22, 2027 even if they do not have a certificate.
And as of January 22, 2027, only VMPs that comply with the provisions of this manual and, therefore, that have a certificate to circulate will be able to circulate.
For this reason, the resolution approving the Manual of characteristics of personal mobility vehicles has been published in the Official State Gazette, a document that includes the required technical characteristics, the classification of this type of vehicle and the tests to which they must be submitted to verify said characteristics. It also establishes the obligation for manufacturers or authorized representatives to have a circulation certificate for a specific brand, model and version that guarantees compliance with a series of technical requirements, as well as identification so that these vehicles can circulate on the roads.
So, These are the characteristics that must be fulfilled:
-As has been said previously, the maximum speed at which they can circulate is 25km/h, the speed at which the engine will stop driving the vehicle. In addition, it will have anti-handling systems for both speed and power.
-They must have a visible information indicator that shows the speed at which it is going and the battery level.
-Braking system: all vehicles used for personal transport must have two independent brakes, with a minimum deceleration of 3.5 m every two seconds. In addition, vehicles with more than 2 wheels must have a parking brake.
-Visibility: personal mobility vehicles must be equipped with retro-reflectors on the front (white), on both sides (white or auto yellow) and rear (red). In addition, the brake light must be differentiated or combined with the rear light. For the VMP for the transport of goods or other services, they must have yellow auto side reflectors and red rear reflectors, on the edges and vertices of the load, which allow signaling and clearly distinguishing both the height and the width of the vehicle in low visibility situations. the same. In addition, these goods vehicles or other services must be compulsorily installed with front and rear direction indicators, popularly known as turn signals. They must also have rear-view mirrors and a reversing assistant.
-Acoustic warning device for all types of VMP and in the case of goods or other services, they must also have a reversing warning device.
– Parking stabilization system with the aim of avoiding fallen VMPs in the middle of the streets and maintaining a certain order in the cities, it has been established that VMPs with less than 3 wheels must have a stabilization system consisting of a side stand or center stand while parked.
-Wheels: the minimum established diameter of the wheels is set at 203.2mm and they must have a rough surface so that they adhere to the ground. In no case will the use of smooth tires be allowed.
-Safe folding: the VMP must have a double security system so that they are well coupled while it is being carried and avoid inadvertent openings.
-All VMPs must have a unique, permanent, legible and clearly visible factory marking with information on the maximum speed, the serial number, the certificate number, the year of construction and the make and model.
-Identifier Holder: the VMP must have a space on the back of the same to carry an identification or registration label.