The former head of Resistencia Galega accepts 28 years in prison for terrorism


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The trial was practically liquidated with two monosyllables. “Yes, yes,” replied Antón García Marcos, alias ‘Toninho’, former head of the Galician Resistance organization, when the president of the court of the National Court asked him if he recognized the facts. The same adverbs have been used in her response by Asunción Losada Camba, co-leader of the organization and partner of the former. After having closed an agreement with the Prosecutor’s Office and the accusation, García Marcos and Losada Camba have achieved a substantial reduction in the sentence initially requested by the Public Ministry: from a request of half a century in prison (51 years) for each one, to the 28 years and three months finally taxes. A lower sentence than the one requested, but what does not change is the typology of the crimes, of terrorism, for which they have been convicted.

In a brief hearing held this Monday at the National High Court, both Antón García Marcos and Asunción Losada have accepted a sentence for the crimes of integration into a terrorist organization as a leader (eight years); from manufacturing, traffic and supplies of explosive devices for terrorist purposes (eight years); documentary falsehood (one year and nine months); illegal possession of a modified weapon for terrorist purposes (two years and six months) and manufacture and possession of explosive devices for terrorist purposes (eight years). In both cases, the sentence finally imposed reaches 28 years and three months from jail

But Anton Garcia and Asuncion Losada they have not sat alone on the bench of the National Court. Along with them, Miguel García Nogales and Xoán Manuel Sánchez Rodríguez, collaborators of Resistencia Galega, have joined the pact with the Prosecutor’s Office to reduce, they too, the sentence of 13 years in prison that the Public Ministry claimed in their previous qualification. have finally been four years in prison for the first and three for the second, in both cases for the crime of integration into a terrorist organization. One of them has asked to speak at the end of the hearing to say that, despite the fact that they recognized the facts and accepted the punishment and the crimes, they are not terrorists: «Neither me nor my brothers are defined by the adjective terrorist. Milito to spread love to Galicia, which is in danger of extinction».

The sentence finally imposed lowers the penalties, but the facts for which they are convicted are those that the prosecutor already described in his indictment, and that this Monday the four defendants have recognized. Antón García and Miguel García had fallen in a police coup against the organization in November 2005. In the search of the latter’s house, the Civil Guard found tools prepared for the falsification of identity documents of Antón García himself and also of Asunción. Losada. However, they were provisionally released and Antón took the opportunity to escape with Asunción, taking refuge in Portugal. And they used their clandestine stay in the neighboring country to continue “providing instructions as well as materials and explosive devices to the members” of Resistencia Galega. Almost 13 years in hiding.

Fled but communicated

They were on the run, but in permanent contact with the rest of the band. They provided them with both explosive devices with which to attack, as well as forged identity documentation. The leaders of the organization also used this channel to communicate with their relatives.

This strategy is part of what happened on the morning of November 30, 2011. Also members of the organization Roberto Rodríguez Fiallega and Eduardo Vigo Domínguez, who had already been convicted of these acts, met in a street in Pontevedra to exchange explosives. . A material that “would have caused major material damage and seriously endangering the life and integrity of people within a radius of ten meters.

These artifacts had previously been given to them by Antón García and Asunción Losada. In a search carried out that same day in the storage room of Roberto Rodríguez, the agents found, among other things, a pressure cooker with three kilos of explosive substance and falsified identity and driving licenses in the name of Roberto Rodríguez himself, Eduardo Vigo, Antón Santos and María Osorio –the latter two also members of the gang, convicted in a previous sentence–. Among the seized objects there was also a handwritten letter from Asunción, addressed to her family from hiding. The falsified documentation “was intended to avoid the identification of those convicted in the execution of their terrorist actions.”

Almost eight years later, some members of the gang took false steps with fatal consequences for the escapees. On the morning of June 14, 2019, Miguel García handed the defendant Xoán Manuel Sánchez an envelope containing 1,250 euros. They were “intended for the maintenance and acquisition of assets destined for the aforementioned illicit activities of the accused who were in hiding.” The next day, Xoán Manuel traveled to Vigo. There he had met with the clandestine bosses, Antón García and Asunción Losada. In a shopping center, Xoán Manuel gave Asunción those 1,250 euros, placed in a plastic bag. And she gave him a pen drive. That’s when officers apprehended the fugitive..

A guide to goals

At the time of the arrest, Asunción had with her, in addition to the money, five cut sheets stapled with handwritten notes indicating the operational activities to be carried out by the organization in the near future. Xoán Manuel carried another memory stick with him that contained a ‘support guide for the Galician Resistance struggle’. Then, at the Pontevedra address where the gang leaders were hiding at the time, the investigators found a revolver that was “in perfect working order”. They also hid, among other things, a deactivated pistol and submachine gun; ammunition of different calibers; 2,475 euros in cash, supposedly destined to cover his clandestine existence, in addition to abundant documentation. On the other hand, in a garage rented since 2014 by Asunción, under the false name of Milagros, there was gunpowder, fuses, cartridges and the device of a package bomb. All the objects had a «terrorist purpose in the name of the organization Resistencia Galega to which they belong.”

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