Young women are more likely to have a stroke than men of the same age


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Women with less than 35 years have a higher risk of stroke than men of the same age, almost a 44% more likely to have an ischemic stroke, caused by blockage of blood vessels in the brain. This is confirmed by a new review of more than a dozen studies on sex differences in the incidence of stroke published in
«Stroke».

Researchers have identified differences in the incidence of stroke between women and men in different age groups of young people after reviewing studies from January 2008 to July 2021 published and indexed in PubMed, one of the world’s largest online research databases.

They included original studies with data on any type of stroke in their analysis – ischemic, hemorrhagic (a bleeding that occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures), TIA, or transient ischemic attack, also called a mini-stroke (caused by a temporary clot severe), and cryptogenic strokes, for which no known cause has been identified.

Most of the strokes in the review were ischemic strokes, accounting for about 87% of all strokes.

In total, they identified 16 studies involving 69,793 young adults with stroke (33,775 women and 36,018 men), from more than half a dozen countries.

In all, they identified 16 studies involving 69,793 young adults with stroke (33,775 women and 36,018 men), from more than half a dozen countries.

According to the researchers, the incidence of ischemic stroke increases exponentially with age, and only 15% of all ischemic strokes occur in adults younger than 50 years.

“Traditional atherosclerotic risk factors are a major contributing factor to ischemic stroke in both young men and women, and they become increasingly important with age.

However, these risk factors are less common in younger women and may not explain the observed higher incidence of ischemic stroke in women younger than 35 years,” they conclude.

Oral, postpartum and hormonal contraceptives may influence the overall burden of ischemic stroke in young women

In addition, the Young women who survive ischemic stroke also have worse outcomes, “with a 2- to 3-fold increased risk of poorer functional outcomes compared to their male counterparts.”

In your opinion, contraceptives oral, postpartum and hormonal may influence the overall burden of ischemic stroke in young women.

“Our finding suggests that strokes occurring in young adults may be occurring for different reasons than those in older adults,” says study co-author Sharon N. Poisson of the
University of Colorado-Denver (USA).

This, he stresses, “emphasizes the importance of carrying out more studies on stroke in younger age groups so we can better understand what puts young women at higher risk of stroke,”

In his opinion, “better understanding which young adults are at risk for stroke can help us do a better job of prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular accidents in young people.

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