Putin and Macron: calming down in the Ukraine conflict necessary

FFrench President Emmanuel Macron and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin have reached an agreement on the need to de-escalate the Ukraine conflict. This was announced from Élysée circles following the hour-long phone call between the two presidents on Friday. In order to reduce tensions, bilateral talks between the heads of state should be continued – as well as the negotiations to solve the Ukraine crisis in the Normandy format, in which Germany and France mediate.

In the conversation, Putin reiterated Russian demands for binding guarantees for security in Europe, as the Kremlin announced. Putin also said that Russia is now analyzing the written responses from the US and NATO to his proposals and then determining further steps. Paris also called the dialogue about the security guarantees demanded by Moscow a means of de-escalation.

According to the Kremlin, Putin also pointed out that Russia’s main concerns had not been taken into account by the West in the answers. These include the demand for an end to NATO expansion, the renunciation of offensive weapons near the Russian borders and also the withdrawal of the bloc’s military potential and infrastructure to the positions of 1997. At that time, the Russia-NATO Founding Act was signed. The US and its allies have also ignored the key issue of the “indivisibility” of security.

By this Moscow means that a country must not strengthen its own security at the expense of the interests of another state. With this, Russia justifies its opposition to the admission of Ukraine into NATO, because it considers the advance of the military bloc to be a threat. Russia sees itself connected to parts of Ukraine through a centuries-long history and criticizes the fact that the USA and NATO have declared the country their sphere of influence – without considering Moscow’s interests.


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