Citizens move by public transport or by car. Those most aware of the environment do it on foot. But the Covid-19 virus has a favorite vehicle: we.
Pzifer’s vaccine and Moderna appear to be leading the way in the “vaccine race” and the world is increasingly hopeful of a “new normal.” The question is whether it will bring with it «A new mobility».
As the Ine has just published from mobile phone data, daily mobility increased after the end of the state of alarm in June, but remains below the pre-pandemic level.
After the end of the first alarm state, on Wednesday June 24, 2020 the 19.4% of the population left their area of residence during the central hours of the day, possibly to go to work or study, in a different area. They are almost 10 points less than in November 2019, before the pandemic, when this percentage was 29.2%.
Since the end of June of this year the percentage of the population that leaves their area of residence has ranged between 18.3% and 22.2% for a working day (Wednesday) during business hours. Although during the last weeks of October and November the trend has been downward.
While in November 2019 in some mobility areas, the percentage of the population leaving their area of residence exceeded 70% in some areas, November 11, By 2020 the largest exodus was only over 40.0% in some neighborhoods of Sant Boi de Llobregat (46.8%), Alcoy (44.7%) or Barcelona (43.7%).
Telecommuting, closings and curfews
The two areas that received the most population daily in November 2019 (Alcobendas, with more than 60,000, and Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid, with 49,000) have ceased to be the main recipients population in Spain (now they receive 24,000 and 22,000 people, respectively) due, possibly, promoting teleworking in one case and online training in another.
The areas that received the most population on a daily basis in November 2020 were in Elche, Madrid and Barcelona. In all of them, inflows exceeded 23,000 people, figures that, however, they were around 36% lower than those they received in November 2019.
The mobility figures in recent months are eloquent. Telecommuting, perimeter closures and curfews they are establishing an increasingly sedentary model. Now we have to wait and see if this “new mobility” is here to stay after the pandemic.