In the absence of direct contacts, Hasan Rohani and Joe Biden their first messages are sent through the media and social networks to try to save the nuclear agreement. Twenty-four hours after Parliament in Tehran gave its preliminary approval to a law to end inspections of nuclear facilities, President Hasan Rohani showed his opposition to this decision of the chamber and his Foreign Minister, Javad Zarif, reached out to the new US administration to return to the nuclear agreement signed in 2015, but made it clear that “we will not renegotiate an agreement that we already negotiated ». Speaking to The New York Times, Biden admitted that “it will be difficult,” but insisted that his intention is to offer Iran a “credible path back to diplomacy.”
The Iranian parliament reacted to the assassination of nuclear scientist Mohsen Fajrizadeh by passing a law to limit the work of researchers from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) if the sanctions are not lifted within a period of two months. It is a symbolic measure since the parliament has no authority over the country’s nuclear policy, which is the responsibility of the National Security Council. Rohani criticized this agreement of the chamber “because it is detrimental to the path of diplomatic activities.” The moderate cleric based his victory at the polls in the last two elections on the benefits that this agreement should bring to the country, but the last four years of Donald Trump and sanctions have sunk the economy of the Islamic republic.
To the tandem formed by Rohani and Zarif, architects of the nuclear agreement signed in 2015 when Barack Obama was in the White House and Biden was his number two, he has just six months left to try to resurrect the deal. Iran holds elections in June and everything indicates that, as happened in the legislative elections, the ultra-conservative current prevails. The countdown is on and Biden knows he will have to deal with the situation quickly. “There is a lot of talk about precision missiles and a whole range of other things that are destabilizing the region … but the best way to achieve some stability” is to deal with “the nuclear program” in Tehran, declared the next US president in the interview granted to the New York newspaper.
The Iranian foreign minister picked up Biden’s glove and asked him to leave behind forever “the dishonest policy” of his predecessor. Despite the fact that the Iranians were complying with everything agreed, according to IAEA reports, Trump withdrew unilaterally of the agreement in 2018 and reimposed sanctions. Faced with the demands made by Trump on the need to extend the terms of the agreement to the ballistics program, the Iranian diplomat was clear and said that “the United States must cease its violations of international law. No further negotiation is required. ‘ Faced with the imposition of punishments, Iran has taken a series of steps that take it away from the agreed text, but the government insists that they are reversible and will return to respect everything agreed as soon as Washington withdraws the sanctions.