The ministries of Universities and Education met last January around the Observatory of Scholarships and Study Aids and agreed that the call for the 2021-2022 academic year would receive an injection of an additional 128 million euros “To face the impact of the pandemic on income”.
However, experts consulted believe that this increase, given the enormous crisis that the pandemic has generateda is insufficient and does not take into account the situations swelcome from many families.
«If we take the crisis of 2010 as a reference, much less pronounced than the current one, In the first year alone, the number of scholarship recipients increased by almost 38,000. If we take into account that, according to data from the Ministry itself, an average scholarship is around 3,000 euros, the crisis is going to devour that increase, “criticizes Jorge Sainz, professor of Applied Economics at the Rey Juan Carlos University and former Secretary General of Universities.
But that’s not the only problem. «Throughout this year 2021 the economic forecasts indicate that the number of unemployed is going to increase, which means that many people are going to see their financial situation deteriorate quickly in the middle of the course. We cannot forget that there are almost a million people in ERTE situations and that the prospects of recovering their jobs are lower, ”says Sainz. The year 2020 closed with 755,000 people in ERTE, according to government data.
Other sources consulted predict the same scenario: «The number of scholarship holders is expected to increase this year 2021, due to the increase in people in ERTE. Last year, Celaá and Castells allocated 386 million euros to the scholarship and study aid system, reaching 1,900 million euros; a year later the Government barely made a budgetary effort with an additional 128 million to reach 2,000 million condemning to ostracism the socially excluded that this health crisis has generated.
Sainz criticizes that “the ministries of Education and Universities they have not foreseen any additional quantity for unexpected situations and, as in previous cases, the universities will have to take charge of these situations, which in many cases can mean the abandonment of the students ».
Neither the Government nor the Autonomous Communities
Other academic sources consulted consider that This is a sign that the campuses will have to take on these problems. “Once again, the universities will be there to solve the problems of our students that are not solved by the central government or the autonomous communities. It will be a priority to meet their needs to avoid dropping out of studies, but this will also mean a reduction in funding for strategic programs.
In this context, he adds that “the reduction of the requirement a will harm the students who make the most effort since they will have to distribute the taxpayers’ effort among a greater number of people”.
The reduction of the requirement It is due to the fact that the new decree of income and family wealth thresholds and amounts of scholarships and study aid for the 2021-2022 academic year, which lowers the requirements in the first and second years to access the qualifying master’s degrees, going from 7 to 5 This measure was already taken last year with the Grades (a 6.5 was requested and it was passed to 5).
What is paradoxical is that while the Government announced, as the decree itself says, “its intention to reform in depth the current scholarship and study aid system” in part by reducing academic requirements and prioritizing income, the reality is that the current scholarship system is the same as that imposed by the Popular Party of the year 2012, specifically that of the former Minister of Education, José Ignacio Wert.
A) Yes, there is still a fixed quantity and a variable quantity, that is distributed at the end of the year. The fixed amount includes the academic requirement in addition to the need to be in the income thresholds 1 0 2 (the lowest). The variable amount is given with what is left over from the fixed amount and is higher the higher the student’s average grade and the lower his income.
The “trapWhat has this question is that the variable part, so criticized by the PSOE and United We Can, is not eliminated, but is reduced. This means that, in reality, the merit does not disappear but its minimal expression is left. They have only removed the academic requirement from the fixed part, but not from the variable part.