Every year the Ministry of Health is put on alert with the arrival of the gripe And this was not going to be less, with the coronavirus pandemic involved. Since the end of the summer, emphasis has been placed on vaccinating the most vulnerable population groups, in order to avoid overloading the health system, already suffered in this second wave of the coronavirus. However, there are some people who question the vaccine efficacy for possible side effects; there are also questions about who should wear it and how to make an appointment. Some of these questions are answered by the Ministry of Health.
The vaccine is “safe and effective enough”
The vaccine it is the most effective measure to prevent the flu. In the 19-20 season, 26% of hospitalizations, 40% of ICU admissions and 37% of deaths attributable to people over 65 years of age were avoided.
The flu vaccination campaign began this 2020 in October for the institutionalized population and for health and social health personnel. This campaign will last for several months to facilitate that all those who require the dose do not run out of it. For example, in the Madrid’s community the term will be extended until January 31.
For its part, flu vaccine it is “very safe and sufficiently effective”, according to Health, although everything will depend on two factors: the age and health status of the vaccinated person; the similarity between the influenza viruses that are circulating and those from which the vaccine was made. What does seem to be clear is that anyone who has been punctured will experience the disease in a less serious way.
Side effects: what they are and when they appear
Despite this, there may be some side effects such as pain or discomfort in the area where it has been punctured, which can last 48 hours, without interfering with the normal life of people. In turn, there may be other reactions such as fever, malaise, or muscle aches. These effects can be started six hours after vaccination and they can last for a day or two.
Who should get the flu shot?
Health identifies four groups that should be vaccinated against the flu. First of all, the elderly, preferably from the 65 years, with special emphasis on those who live in closed institutions. Second, people who are between six months and 65 years old and who have a high risk of complications derived from the flu due to having some condition or underlying disease. Third, those who can transmit the flu to others who are at risk of complications. Fourth, the health and social health personnelas well as essential groups.
In whom is the vaccine contraindicated?
Health also establishes four groups of people in whom the vaccine is contraindicated. The first of all in minor children six months; the second is those allergic people the active ingredients or any component of the vaccine; third, anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction to a flu shot before. Lastly, all people who have a fever or an acute infection. For the latter group, the vaccine should be postponed until the patient has recovered.
How do I make an appointment for the flu shot?
Anyone who must get the flu vaccine must contact their corresponding health center, since Health delegates the management of vaccination to the autonomous communities. To do this, you must call the corresponding telephone number indicated through the Web page to be able to go by appointment.
False myths and other questions
Much has been said in recent months about the flu vaccine and possible complications that can result from it. One of the most frequent doubts is whether the disease will pass once the vaccine has been given. The answer is no, since the doses do not contain weakened virus and is only composed of virus fractions or protein subunits and therefore they cannot cause the flu.
Other people think it is better to pass the disease than to get the vaccine. Health responds that it is not better, especially in those risk groups that have been discussed in this article. Anyone can get sick with the flu and suffer serious complications.
This year, with the Covid-19 There has been much speculation about what will happen to the flu. Can people who have had the coronavirus disease get vaccinated? Yes they can, although there are two ways to do it. On the one hand, for those who have mild or asymptomatic Covid, the recommendation is to vaccination after the end of the recommended isolation days. On the other hand, every patient who is admitted will be the health personnel who decides when it is best to put it on.
Finally, another question may arise with the allergic to eggs. Most flu vaccines are made from technology based on eggs and small egg proteins. All studies that have looked at potential consequences indicated that the odds of allergic reactions are very unlikely.