Some years ago, 1983, that one of the great philosophers of science of the twentieth century,
Nancy Cartwright, wrote a book with the suggestive title ‘How do the laws of physics lie?’ In little more than a generation, we have gone from being able to discuss the robustness of the fundamental laws that govern the orbits of the planets, electromagnetic fields or the movement of photons to having difficulty debating on the scope of some explanatory hypotheses of social behavior, elevated to the category of law more by political activism than by unbiased investigation. Thus it happens, for example, that it is easier to question the origin and scope of, say, the laws of
genetics that doubt the supposed universal validity of the distinction between sex and gender.
The entry of so-called political activism in the university environment has made patriarchy in a concept that can explain almost any behavior, even in those societies that are neither patrilinial nor patrilocal and that, only in a very interested sense, can be called “patriarchal.”
This new book by
Pablo de Lora it has two readings. First, and perhaps most importantly, it is a bold text that seeks the calm reasoning and reasoned discussion even in those areas that have been taken from science by fanaticism or prejudice. This professor of philosophy of law at the UAM has already written a magnificent essay on the legal aspects of sexual life. Both books are a plea in favor of freedom of expression, so that never again happens that, in the university environment, someone sees their ideas censored by the shouting of some or the silence of the others.
Second, if in his previous book ‘Sexual is political (and legal)’ (Alianza, 2019), De Lora sought to clarify and discuss the legal implications of some of the contemporary mantras related to sex and sexuality, in this focuses on the problems presented by the so-called «gender self-identification», materialized in the recent Draft Law, known as the “Trans Law.” According to this doctrine, the State has the obligation to legally recognize the sexual identity of each person, according to their feelings, and independently of other legal, medical or psychiatric considerations. Through five chapters and a magnificent epilogue, eThe book highlights the contradictions in this line of thought through both well-chosen examples and the contradictions to which hasty policies lead. You may or may not agree with the reasons given, but reading them is a must for anyone who wants to argue from outside the din of the trench.