MADRID, 11 Dic. (EUROPA PRESS) –
The La Niña weather phenomenon will affect the horn of eastern and central Africa until next 2021, as the World Meteorological Organization warned a few weeks ago, which can cause millions of people to go hungry in this area due to La Niña conditions , according to Oxfam Intermón alert, which adds that more than 50 million people need “immediate” food assistance.
The NGO’s warning coincides as world leaders prepare to meet at the virtual summit on climate ambition. Oxfam notes that episodes of low rainfall will occur in the near mid-December in southern Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda.
“The anticipated drought will be the last straw for many people, who will see their crops devastated, cutting off their food and income lifeline,” lamented Oxfam’s regional director in the Horn of East and Central Africa. Lydia Zigomo.
The climate crisis, points out the NGO, reveals “erratic” weather conditions around the world, such as prolonged droughts in that African region, or also the frequency and strength of possible rains that can occur in intense gusts. These situations will further affect farmers, who make up 80 percent of the region’s population, and who have already suffered floods and the largest plague of desert locusts in 70 years.
In this sense, Oxfam accounts for the damage caused by locusts at $ 8.5 billion, in addition to 100,000 hectares of farmland in Somalia, some 200,000 hectares in Ethiopia and some 70,000 hectares in Kenya, which has led to death by starvation of the locust. livestock and food shortages.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, a locust swarm can contain up to 150 million locusts per square kilometer of farmland and several swarms are expected to move south into Somalia and Ethiopia and also north of Kenya.
“The incredible resilience of the most vulnerable people throughout the Horn of Africa is being tested to the breaking point by a combination of disasters that are not their responsibility,” said Zigomo, who detailed that Ethiopia , Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, southern Sudan and Tanzania “were responsible for less than 0.2 percent of global carbon emissions between 1990 and 2015” while the United States, China and Japan were responsible for “500 times more emissions of carbon in the same period “.