Luis Feliu: The clueless lawyer



It would seem the title of a tale of the magnificent Gloria Fuertes, but neither is nor I can aspire to write like the great writer that was Gloria.

It turns out now that the Flag is a rag that can be burned. I suppose it refers to that of the Spanish Nation and it is not a generalization in which it includes the other 194 that appear in the United Nations Organization, or the flags of the Autonomous Communities, or that of the European Union that by color and crown of stars reminds that of the Immaculate.

The truth and truth is that the Flag is of the Nation, it is not of the State, nor of any political party, nor of any form of government. The Flag is the symbol of the sovereign nation, of the historical nation, of the political nation, which in the case of Spain dates back the first to Roman times when it was the most important nation of the Empire and the second to the beginning of the 16th century when the crowns of Castile, Aragon and Navarre come together to form it.

Does the clueless lawyer mean that the Spanish Nation does not deserve respect? A nation that is made up of the Spaniards from here and there, or as it was said in the preamble to the Constitution of 1812, is made up of the Spaniards from here and from across the seas, those born and those naturalized or nationalized. The Nation is a historical becoming and it is something alive and tangible, it is done every day with the effort of all, it is that of our ancestors, our parents, ours and that of our children and grandchildren. The Flag is the symbol that makes us distinguishable in the international community from the rest of the Flags. Is that of Spain despicable, learned lady?

The absent-minded lawyer will surely know that the flag that flies together with the North American one in the forts and fortresses from San Agustín in Florida, through the 4000 km Camino Real to San Diego in California, is the Spanish one at that time, yes, a lawyer. , the White with the Cross of Burgundy that we have since Philip III got married with Joan of Castile. That Flag, which was that of the Spanish Nation, not that of the Crown, nor that of the King, nor anyone’s patrimony but everyone’s, is kept in the scripts and banners of the Spanish Armed Forces.

The absent-minded lawyer will surely know that the Flag that flies in the Palace of the Cortes, or in the Royal Palace, is the one chosen by Carlos III tired of the former being confused with the White and the English Cross of Saint George in the naval combat with our enemies of that time. Carlos III chose it among those who used the color Red and Yellow.

The absent-minded lawyer will surely know that the color red is the one used by Spanish soldiers in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries in bands and then hat cockades to distinguish themselves from other European soldiers and that yellow was the color of the Habsburgs, not by chance his Royal Guard was known as “Yellow Guard” because of the color of their coats. Hence the colors of the Flag.

I suppose you also know that the Flag that you like so much, that yes, the tricolor was a creative impulse from the Captain Fermín Galán who participated in Jaca in an uprising or a theoretically generalized coup against Alfonso XIII in December 1930 and that in the end he was left alone in the face of danger and then only before the firing squad. That is why in the second attempt and after municipal elections for mayors, the Second Republic was proclaimed after the flight of the King and the Flag of Captain Galán was used, who on top of it confused the red color of the banner of Castile with the faded purple, in a nod to the uprising of the comuneros against the Rey Carlos I.

Surely the absent-minded lawyer knows that the Flag of the ephemeral First Republic was the Red and Gualda. Is that also a rag to throw away? Flag that had a shield with the “crenellated crown” that the republicans say is that of the republic. A little weird, right?

It is true that the shields have danced on the Flag. The Monarchies put theirs, the republics the one that corresponded and Franco that of the unification of Spain by the Kings Fernando de Aragon and Isabel of Castile. The counter-revolutionaries who rose up against the imposition of a Soviet-style People’s Republic did so with the Flag of the Republic until Franco realized that the two contending sides were using it. The uprising was to save the Republic from its Sovietization, not against it, then events led to something else.

The absent-minded lawyer does not even know that in the Historical Rooms of the Units, in the Academies and in the Institute of Military History and Culture the Flags of the Republic are preserved and displayed, which were of the Units and were legal and representative of the Nation Spanish from 1931 to 1939 and no military man that I know says that they are a rag that can be thrown away.

The clueless lawyer knows that the National Flag is not Franco’s, nor the shield he used, which was that of the Catholic Monarchs, as you will see if you approach the Throne Room of the Alcázar of Segovia. It is a Flag that belongs to nobody and belongs to everyone. Anyone can use it and no one should be offended. It is not a Party Flag, each one has its own. It is so respectable that under them the Flags of the Autonomous Communities have arisen, which just as the Spanish one represents the sovereign nation, the others represent their respective communities. Madam lawyer, forgive me, but I do not understand what you say.

Luis Feliu Bernárdez He is a brigadier general and full member of the Academy of Military Arts and Sciences

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