Social Networks are the means of communication that most welcomes false news, according to 58.8 percent of those surveyed. Despite this data, there are 42.8 percent who use these networks for information on a regular basis. Of these, 46 percent are women versus 39 percent of men. These are some data from the survey conducted by GAD3 and the AXA Foundation for the Journalism Forum 2030, with a total national sample of 4,300 people and which will be released soon.
Cantabria, the Basque Country and Galicia are the Communities that most believe that Social Networks grant an easy reception to “fake news”. This has been said by 72 percent of Cantabrians, 66 percent of Basques and 62 percent of Galicians. While the Castilian-La Mancha are the ones who least support this idea, although disaffection with the networks continues to obtain a high figure, 51 percent.
Spaniards generally have a low degree of trust in social networks, which occupy the penultimate place in the valuation for this concept among the media, with a 4.9 out of a score of ten; just three tenths above private messaging (such as WhatsApp), which is the medium that offers the least confidence to Spaniards.
By ages, those under 30 years of age are those who give the most credibility to information through social networks, a 5’8 out of a score of ten. At the other extreme are those aged between 50 and 60 years who only score 4.2 out of ten for their credibility. Regarding the consumption of information through Social Networks by Autonomous Communities, Asturias and the Canary Islands, with 48 and 47 percent respectively, are in the lead compared to the Balearic Islands, the Basque Country and Aragon, with a 39 percent, who are the ones that least use Social Networks for information.
Radio and the written press are, on the contrary, the media that offer the most confidence to the majority.to. Thus, the evaluation of information on the radio has a 6.4 out of a score of ten and the written press is close to 6.1, with a 6.1. And in third place the digital portals, with 5.9 out of ten. The only two media that suspend are Social Networks, with the aforementioned 4.9 out of ten and, finally, private messaging, with 4.6. Confidence in television reaches an approved, 5.7 out of ten. But the latter medium, television -the most followed for information-, is, although far behind the networks, in second place after social networks (16.9 percent), among those who think it spreads ‘fake news’ .
Respondents believe, on the contrary, that the written press and the radio do not spread falsehoods: just over 2.5 percent in each of the two cases are those who think otherwise. In other words, almost ninety-eight percent of those surveyed by GAD3 / Fundación AXA think that neither radio nor paper newspapers admit ‘falsehoods’ in their news content.