Spanish cities want to be sustainable and are walking hard and steadily towards that goal. This is how the report points out “The SDGs in 100 Spanish cities”, who just published the Spanish Network for Sustainable Development (REDS), in collaboration with Ecoembes, which shows enormous progress in sustainability who have experienced in the last two years Spanish cities.
The global diagnosis of the degree of compliance with the Sustainable Development Goals in cities concludes that the majority (82%) are halfway through and in a progressive transition towards sustainability. 11.30% of the SDGs have managed to achieve a satisfactory degree of compliance with their indicators in certain cities and only 6.6% show low levels of progress in some municipalities.
Of course, not all of them are on the same line and among the SDGs with a greater degree of proximity to their fulfillment SDG 3 (Health and well-being) and SDG 4 (Quality education) stand out, with 28 and 22 cities achieving the highest values. They are followed by SDG 16 (Peace, justice and strong institutions), the highest-scoring goal, followed by SDG 17 (Partnerships to achieve the goals), with 19 and 18, respectively. By last, SDGs 6 (Water and sanitation), 7 (Affordable and sustainable energy) and 13 (Climate action) have the highest performance in 13-15 cities.
The challenge of the II edition of this pioneer report which, since 2018, measures the urban performance of the SDGs set by the United Nations in 2015, is to offer, without making comparisons or evaluations of the performance of municipal governments, a general overview of the state of the SDGs at the local Spanish level. In short, to know, in an analytical and objective way, the degree of compliance with these SDGs in 103 cities in Spain, where 21.5 million people live, about 50% of the Spanish population.
Tool for political action
The report “The SDGs in 100 Spanish cities” has a triple objective: on the one hand, helping local authorities to identify existing challenges to achieve sustainable development in cities; on the other, fostering a space for debate and reflection on the role of cities and municipal action to achieve the SDGs, stimulating new ideas and potential actions. And finally, to help those responsible for Local Governments to consult the progress made in terms of sustainability since 2018 and learn about good practices and initiatives carried out in different territories.
This work wants to serve as tool for political action and mobilization around the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and act as a bridge between the national and municipal context, comparing the reality at the country level with the local sphere. “With a very high percentage of the Spanish population living in urban areas, approximately 79.9%, mayors and mayors have the ability to guide us towards an inclusive and sustainable future. Therefore, we would like this document to serve you as a truly useful tool. Without their valuable work, achieving compliance with the 2030 Agenda would be impossible “, highlights the former minister Leire Pajín, president of REDS.
REDS, promoter of this report, is the section created in our country of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN). This organization is the author of the Sustainable Development Report (SDR, formerly SDG Index), a global report that shows the degree of compliance with the 2030 Goals in all countries of the world.
This new report builds on the concept and methodology used in the SDR report, but with an approach that highlights the particular role of the local level in achieving these goals. This is how the process puts the accent on the «Landing to the local» of the 2030 Agenda achieving greater precision thanks to the increase in indicators, from 85 to 106, mostly municipal, which improve their precision by including the measurement of new qualitative data and indicators of budget effort, as well as the active participation of local governments, through a permanent working group.