Skin sensitivity is a problem that can affect you regardless of how your skin is: grease, mixed, normal or dry. The most common symptoms of sensitive skin They are itching, tingling, dryness, peeling, irritation, or redness. Regarding the causes, there is always a genetic predisposition, but there are factors that favor the problem of sensitive skin, such as stress, cold, the use of inappropriate cosmetics, the shaved off or now also the use of masks.
The pharmacist María José Cejas Delgado, head of the Puente Genil Pharmacy Europe, tells us that sensitive skin “has altered the barrier function of the epidermis, being more dehydrated and allowing irritating active ingredients to penetrate more easily”.
Masks and cold, the main triggers for sensitive skin
Skin sensitivity can appear after applying a cosmetic. According to Paola Gugliotta, doctor in Dermocosmetics and founder of the cosmetic firms APoEM and Sepai, sensitive skin should avoid all products that contain “alcohol, fragrances, whether natural or synthetic, antibacterial substances, retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids”.
But if there is one declared enemy of sensitive skin, it is cold. The low temperatures, wind and also dryness Environmental (which may be inside your home or office, with the heating) can be the trigger for your skin to react, with itching, tingling, irritation, etc. So at this time it is important to hydrate the skin more and choose creams suitable for sensitive skin.
With the use of masks to protect ourselves against the coronavirus, there has also been an increase in people who suffer from skin sensitivity. Besides of acneWearing the mask for many hours can cause irritation. Leticia Carrera, a graduate in Pharmacy and director of the Felicidad Carrera medical-aesthetic center, points out that “sensitive skin, due to friction and lack of ventilation under the mask, are suffering dehydration, dryness and irritations that manifest with peeling, itching, redness or inflammation ”.
When should you visit the dermatologist?
If you often suffer from any of the symptoms that we have mentioned, you should go to a dermatologist to assess your skin. Paola Gugliotta explains that “there may be a real dermatological problem such as eczema, rosacea, couperose, or dermatitis contact for allergic reasons ”. The pharmacist María José Cejas adds that “there are many degrees of sensitivity. We can find extremely sensitive skin, called allergic, or skin that is sensitized in a specific way, due to stress, a cosmetic or even food. As long as we face the problem quickly and use specific products, the diagnosis is good ”.
How to care for sensitive skin
Sensitive skin needs extreme care, especially in autumn and winter, due to low temperatures, and more so now with the use of masks. Also, you have to avoid rubbing it when cleaning or applying any product, because that simple gesture can provoke a reaction. This is the most effective beauty routine for sensitive skin:
-Cleaning: It is important to use lukewarm water, avoiding hot or very cold water and choose mild cleansers, specifically formulated for sensitive skin and better without sulfates. Paola Gugliotta explains that “when the hydrolipidic barrier is most damaged, so precarious in sensitive skin, it is during cleaning, that is why any product that contains sulfates in its formula should be avoided, because its great cleaning capacity not only manages to drag with all dirt, but also with the natural fats present in that protective barrier ”.
-Hydration: Hydration is an essential care for sensitive skin, so it should be reinforced in autumn and winter. Hydrate your skin in the morning and at night, after cleansing, and whenever you notice tightness, tingling or any discomfort. Choose repairing and soothing creams, as well as hydrating mist and hot springs to refresh and calm her at any time of the day.
-Shaved off: shaving is an aggression for any skin and more for sensitive skin. Paola Gugliotta advises “to space it out when possible, use more lipidic and nourishing moisturizers so that the skin is protected and better supports that daily aggression, and shaving with oily products that create a kind of barrier on the skin, making the blade slide, eliminating hair, but respecting the hydrolipidic layer ”.