Correspondent in Havana
“The Government does not want opposition, it does not want independent artists or journalists and it does not want dialogue. He simply wants the continuity of a single Party, even if for this he has to break the constitutional thread “, said the writer Javier Mora, from the actions of the Havana regime in its attempt to quell the outbreak of popular protests that have been taking place throughout the country.
This wave of citizen protests would have started on November 27 when hundreds of artists, writers and intellectuals gathered in front of the headquarters of the Ministry of Culture in solidarity with the members of the San Isidro Movement, who staged a hunger strike for ten days to demand the release of Denis Solís González, one of its members.
From this action came a call for citizens to peacefully demonstrate in the main parks of the island’s cities to demand a set of demands, mainly respect for freedom of expression, press and association. Demonstrations that were violently repressed, according to independent press reports, provinces such as Isla de la Juventud, Havana, Matanzas, Villa Clara and Camagüey.
“When the Government appeals to Article 4 of the Constitution, it shows its willingness to use violence and the use of weapons, which, consequently, could provoke a confrontation between the people and the people. However, in turn, it breaks the constitutional thread by ignoring Articles 54 and 56 of the Magna Carta, “Mora stressed.
Article 4 of the Magna Carta expresses between its lines that, “treason is the most serious of crimes, whoever commits it is subject to the most severe sanctions” and grants citizens “the right to fight for all the media, including the armed struggle.
But the regime itself has disrespected the constitutional thread when it does not mention that Article 54 affirms that, “the State recognizes, respects and guarantees to people the freedom of thought, conscience and expression.” For its part, Article 56 recognizes “the rights of assembly, demonstration and association, for lawful and peaceful purposes.”
Harassed at home
Several of the fourteen strikers who barricaded themselves at the headquarters of the San Isidro Movement have been arrested in the last 48 hours. Others remain besieged by police assets in their homes with a ban on going out to the streets, while at least a dozen of the thirty artists, who participated in negotiations with officials of the Ministry of Culture on November 27, have been threatened and harassed by State Security officials, and they are also under close police surveillance.
For its part, the regime has been calling on students and workers to acts of repudiation -which he classifies as “spontaneous” or as “support for socialism and revolution” – against citizens who join the peaceful protests, and whom he presents, in the press media under the control of the Communist Party, as terrorists and mercenaries at the service of “anti-Cuban agendas in exile.”
Not a few observers have pointed out that the regime authorities push their dissidents into a serious situation of risk, while the current Cuban Penal Code contemplates in Title I – Crimes Against State Security – long prison sentences and even the death penalty, crimes such as Terrorism [Artículo 106] and others related to mercenary actions.
Other observers agreed that the UN Human Rights Council has an obligation to review the current actions of the Cuban regime, which has violated the commitments implied by the membership of this Council.