The geopolitical importance of Afghanistan


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Last Sunday, August 15, the president of Afghanistan, Ashraf Ghani, left the country with a small number of collaborators, which led to the taking of Acceptance by the taliban, whose progress in recent weeks had taken a very dangerous pace.

Thus, the white flag of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan can already be seen at the top of the presidential palace. Thousands of Afghans try to escape with the few belongings they can treasure and, although no blood was shed during the capture of the capital, it is feared that Islamic fundamentalists will reimpose their law, Islamic law, the ‘Sharia’ , in its most redical form, with all the consequences it has for the lives of citizens and, especially, for the lives of women and girls.

The taliban burst onto the global news scene on September 11, 2001, when Al Qaeda, backed by this group of religious fundamentalists, crashed four Boeing passenger planes in different parts of the United States. At that time, the US government declared the ‘war on terrorism’ or the ‘war on terror‘and, hand in hand with NATO, invaded Afghanistan for the purpose’Operation Enduring Freedom‘. The objectives of this operation were to capture Osama bin Laden, destroy the terrorist group Al-Qaeda and overthrow the Taliban regime.

In less than a month Acceptance it had fallen and the Taliban retreated to other parts of Afghanistan. In twenty years, the international military presence in the country failed to expel the fundamentalists, who continued to maintain control of certain areas.

The withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan after two decades has led to the quick turn of the taliban. Fundamentalists try to give the world a more moderate image and have even been eager to collaborate with the international community to repatriate foreigners currently in Afghanistan. Nevertheless, the violence has started and there are already several dead at the Kabul airport.

The importance of Afghanistan on the international board

Afghanistan It is a poor country, but its strategic importance is unquestionable. It is located in the heart of Asia, at the crossroads between Eurasia, Central Asia, China, India and the Middle East. What’s more, it is situated at the confluence of several nuclear powers, as are China, Pakistan, India, Russia and Iran. For this reason, there are several states that seem to want to give a certain diplomatic legitimacy to the Taliban regime that Kabul leads again after more than twenty years.

Secondly, Afghanistan It has mineral and natural resources that make the country attractive to certain world powers. In fact, it is one of the mining centers most important internationally. It is estimated that the oil reserves, most of them located in the north, have a value of 2.3 billion euros.

Natural gas reserves are also relevant. Currently working on the TAPI project, a gas pipeline that intends to connect Turkmensitan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India for the transportation of gas.

Afghanistan also has mineral resources like chromium, copper, gold, iron, zinc, lead, marble and some precious stones. However, two of your most valuable resources are cobalt and lithium, materials widely used in the technology industry today.

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