The alliance of Pedro Sánchez with the Catalan independence movement has brought with it cessions of the State on several fronts. And one of them has been the control of compliance with the law in the territory. Thus, the requirements sent by the State Attorney to Catalan municipalities sank 88 percent in 2018, the year in which the socialist leader reached La Moncloa in June, and were null in both 2019 and 2020, according to the data of the General Directorate of the General State Administration in the Territory to which ABC has had access.
Most of the Catalan city councils are governed by pro-independence forces and illegalities have been visible during these last three
years: flags of Spain that have not been waved, portraits of Felipe VI removed or stellated or yellow ribbons placed in public buildings, for example. However, the disappearance of the requirements is compounded by the collapse of the legal instruments that the Central Administration has to enforce the law: requests for information, resolutions to challenge and execute sentences, and requests for reports.
The former fell 40 percent in 2018, to 828 compared to 1,381 the previous year. In 2020 there were a total of 659, 52 percent less than in the last year of Mariano Rajoy’s government. Regarding the resolutions of challenge and execution of sentences, they sank 62 percent in 2018, going from 112 in 2017 to only 42, and decreased to only four in 2020, 96 percent less than before Pedro Sánchez will arrive at La Moncloa. Finally, requests for reports decreased 56 percent in 2018, up to 10 from 23 the previous year, and they closed 2020 in just five, 78 percent less.
The one responsible for demanding compliance with the legality in the territory is the Government Delegation in each autonomy, which in the case of Catalonia has been headed by Teresa Cunillera since Sánchez came to power. She is the one who, according to the law, must order the State Bar to act when a local administration violates the law since this body does not act ex officio.
Nevertheless, the tolerance of Cunillera in the face of the attacks of the independence councils to the legality is evident in the evolution of all the legal instruments that the Central Administration has to enforce the law. The ruling of the Supreme Court that forced the mayoress of Barcelona, Ada Colau, in July to place the image of the King in the plenary hall of the town hall comes from the popular stage, when María de los Llanos de Luna held the position of Cunillera.
With her at the head of the Government delegation, the highest figures for actions against attacks on the legality of the independence municipalities were reached. She held this position from the beginning of the ‘procès’ until the Rajoy Dialogue Operation, when she was relieved at the request of secessionism. Now, in statements to ABC, he warns that the Executive of Sánchez is committing an “absolute abandonment of functions.” «During 2011 and 2016, the Government Delegation in Catalonia filed 155 lawsuits against city councils for breach of the flag law; 209 demands to pay with public money the fee to the AMI (Association of Municipalities for Independence); and 132 lawsuits for insubordination and fiscal sovereignty against the municipalities that declared themselves a Catalan free state, “he says.
“On the other hand, since the arrival of Sánchez to the Executive, the State Lawyers have not filed any lawsuit in defense of the constitutional symbols,” he stresses, emphasizing that “the majority of municipalities in Catalonia generally fail to comply with the flag law ». In other words, the Spanish flag does not appear on the façade of public buildings. “There are municipalities in whose town halls there is no Spanish constitutional symbol, nor official flags, nor effigies of the head of State.” In his opinion, “Sánchez is making partisan use of the Legal Profession by not giving him the instructions to act to restore legality.” This body thus joins the list of public institutions that see their prestige undermined after Sánchez’s passage through La Moncloa.