Rosalia Arteaga, candidate for the General Secretariat of the HIM-HER-IT, has puzzled the multilateral body “largest, most fantastic in the world,” he says. The former president of Ecuador (February, 1997) avoided the traditional political circuit, via governments, to try to succeed in office Antonio Guterres, who aspires to re-election and chose to challenge him for his position with a candidacy endorsed by a civil organization, the ‘Forward World’ movement. The initiative had the backing of the 98,3 % of people who voted for her, on the internet, in 71 countries.
The news that, for the first time, a woman could be the head of the United Nations, spread like wildfire “on social networks,” she comments in amazement. “It became a trend,” she adds, still surprised. The then president of Ecuador, Lenin Moreno, he reacted to the phenomenon and offered to “withdraw his support, previously committed to Guterres, and present my candidacy.” She appreciated the gesture but rejected it, she explains. Also Guillermo Lasso, current president of Ecuador, offered to nominate him, in the words of Arteaga. She explains the refusal because she is convinced that “these times belong to civil society and the way forward is recognized in the UN regulations” even if they are distracted and not even -to date- have considered it. Even so, the international domino effect, and especially among young people, in favor of Arteaga extended to Congress, the Supreme Court and institutions inside and outside the borders of Ecuador.
Loyal to its principles and to ‘Forward World’, the Executive President of the Fidal Foundation, understands that its position is part of a new time of which the UN it cannot be alien. «We must open a path of renewal because we are in the 21st century. Things have to change, from within and from outside the UN, ”he observes at the Madrid headquarters of the KREAB consultancy. To that end, with “civil society” as a priority, it will present a detailed reform agenda that includes proposals and solutions to address current challenges. Among others: exiles due to climate change, the control of pandemics, universal vaccination, education in all areas, the transition to a circular economy, the development of renewable energies and “connectivity for all”, he emphasizes.
Decentralization It is the word that best fits the methodology that it defends. “Local administrations are closer to the population and their demands, which vary depending on their own characteristics and locations,” he reflects. This principle is valid for any country, he insists: “Local governments must be strengthened.” In this context, he argues that The UN must be reformulated. «The origin of its creation was to prevent a third world war. Today, the threat of wars is pandemics, the scenario is different. The UN should ask itself what is it and what does it want to be», He raises.
The life of Rosalía Arteaga is linked to a dark chapter in the history of Ecuador, when she was displaced from the Presidency of her country, after the flight and incapacitation of Abdullah Bucaram, aka “the madman” and the famous night of “the three presidents.” As vice president, constitutionally, it corresponded to him to succeed him in the Palace of Carondelet, seat of the Executive. They allowed him only three days. “I am a victim of gender violence,” he confesses to explain the maneuvers that were made by the Armed Forces, institutions and powers that be to resign, -the Congress would appoint the head of the Chamber, Fabian Alarcón- and settle that crisis unpublished. If she resisted in the Presidency, she was convinced that blood would flow and incidentally Alberto Fujimori, “Which had already mobilized the Army,” would take the opportunity to re-invade Ecuadorian territory in the Alto del Cenepa, (Cordillera del Cóndor) as it did in 1995. “I chose peace,” he acknowledges, a position adopted that he would also explain later in the book ‘The President, the kidnapping of a protest’.
Writer, journalist, politician, fighter in defense of the most disadvantaged, author of ‘Jerónimo’ and ‘Jerónimo y los otros Jerónimos’, books that emerge after the birth of a child with Down syndrome who dies at 10 months, Rosalía Artega highlights the values of being a woman and the eternal domestic and professional moonlighting, “I remember myself writing in the bathroom by hand,” she recalls. Feminist without extremismShe does not hesitate to observe: “women are better negotiators than men.” Word plus word less, sums up “dialogue is a tool that we handle more fluently” and without correcting a comma, it guarantees: “Agreements between women are more durable.”
The UN and the power of change appear in all his reflections. He identifies with a youth who has vocation of public service and he sadly recalls the acts of vandalism that devastated in 2019: “Quito, the Santiago de Chile metro stations and what is happening now in Colombia.” We talk about “digital literacy but we must also talk about citizenship education,” he adds. “You cannot give an appropriation of public goods as if they belonged to no one. They are public, they belong to everyone ”, he warns. Education is the word that comes out over and over again, “secular ethics” the expression that identifies it and “the corruption is the worst cancer of democracies “, the phrase that illustrates what happens in a good part of the planet where the UN should offer,” more solutions “, he assures