UN researchers warn that Syria is still not a safe country for refugees to return



“The parties to the conflict continue to perpetrate war crimes and crimes against humanity,” they denounce

MADRID, 14 Sep. (EUROPA PRESS) –

The UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria has concluded that the conditions are not in place for the refugees to be able to return in a “safe and dignified” manner, insofar as, more than a decade after the war broke out, ” the parties to the conflict continue to perpetrate war crimes and crimes against humanity. “

Researchers have expressed concern about the upsurge in violence in Syria, a country from which 6.7 million people have fled, according to data from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Bashar al Assad’s regime controls 70 percent of the territory and, according to researchers, continues relentless in its fight against the rebels.

Tensions have risen in areas of the northwest, northeast and south of the country, according to a report that covers from July 2020 to June 2021 and that reports on new situations of siege such as those experienced in Deraa al Balad, one of the foci of the rebellion that broke out in 2011 at the dawn of the Arab Spring in North Africa and the Middle East.

The Commission headed by the Brazilian Paulo Pinheiro has documented cases of torture, sexual violence, deaths in custody and forced disappearances.

Food insecurity has increased by more than 50 percent in the last year and, in the words of another of the Commission members, Karen Koning AbuZayd, “the general situation in Syria is increasingly bleak.”

“As the violence escalates, the economy is collapsing, the famous Mesopotamian riverbanks are at their driest level in decades, and the widespread community transmission of COVID-19 appears unstoppable by a health system decimated by war and violence. lack of oxygen and vaccines, “he added.

RECRUITED CHILDREN

The defeat of the Islamic State terrorist group left thousands of people trapped in camps in northeastern Syria, in areas controlled by Kurdish forces. Their situation, according to investigators, “could amount to cruel or inhuman treatment.”

In camps near the Iraqi border like Al Hol there are some 40,000 children, of whom almost half are Iraqis. In addition, there is also another group of about 7,800 who represent almost 60 different nationalities and whose future has been in the air for years.

Most foreign children remain deprived of their liberty and without the country of origin of their families assuming the repatriation. Pinheiro has called for human rights to be respected and has advocated ending an indefinite detention: “Punishing children for the sins of their parents cannot be justified.”


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