What diet should I follow if I have been diagnosed with Helicobacter pylori?

The Helicobacter Pylori It is a bacterium that lives in the stomach and that, according to it is estimated, has more or less half of the world population. This bacterium, explains dietitian-nutritionist María Eugenia Fernández (@ meugenia84), is the cause of inflammation that can lead to gastrointestinal problems. Helicobacter has the ability to weaken the protective covering of the stomach, allowing entry and subsequent irritation of digestive juices into the stomach lining.

Comments Elisa Escorihuela, pharmacist, dietician-nutritionist, and collaborator of ABC Bienestar, what symptoms vary between people: «In some cases it is asymptomatic and in others it produces a series of discomforts, among the most prominent being: heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux, anemia, weight loss, abdominal swelling and stomach pain». It also warns that the bacteria is considered a risk factor for gastric ulcers, gastritis and stomach cancer.

What to eat if we have Helicobacter Pylori?

If we are diagnosed with this bacterium, from that moment it is very important to take care of our diet to be able to alleviate its effects to the maximum. María Eugenia Fernández explains that during these days it is important to increase the consumption of probiotics, foods rich in omega-3 and omega-6, and white meat and fish.

For her part, Elisa Escorihuela points out that it is essential to acquire a soft diet, or easily digestible, so that “our digestive system works as little as possible.” In general, the expert provides the following guidelines:

– Avoid very cold or very hot food.

– Avoid spicy or very spicy foods.

– Use easily digestible cooking techniques such as steam, papillote or boiled, trying to avoid grilled or baked foods that are toasted.

– Chew in a calm way and if necessary make more intakes in small quantities.

– Do not consume alcohol or tobacco.

What can we eat during treatment?

Once the bacteria is diagnosed, it is necessary to undergo treatment to eliminate it. This, quite aggressive due to the large number of medications that must be taken, can generate some discomfort for days. Thus, during treatment it is important to take care of our diet, and adapt it to alleviate adverse effects. The first thing Elisa Escorihuela remembers is that, although recommendations can be given, it is important that a professional guide us to adapt the diet to our specific case. If we talk about general recommendations, he comments that, in the first phases of treatment, «the consumption of whole grains and legumes should be avoided due to their high fiber content, which when in contact with the lesions could further irritate the walls of the digestive tract ».

«We will also avoid the consumption of raw vegetables, vegetables and fruits, and above all, sour fruits. We will take them cooked, in purees or compotes, although it will depend on the tolerance of each one, some fruits, such as apple, pear or ripe banana, without skin can also be good in the first phases “, indicates the professional.

Regarding the consumption of eggs and dairy, he points out that it depends a lot on the tolerance of each one and the degree of severity. Ideally, in the first days are restricted and, little by little, they are introduced into very simple preparations such as a French omelette. Regarding hydration, it is best that during these days it is with water, or soft infusions.

Once we have a negative test, and we have “gotten rid” of the bacteria, as the symptoms diminish, the introduction of food must be progressive. “We cannot go from nothing to everything,” warns ABC Bienestar collaborator. “The ideal is to return to normality gradually introducing vegetables with higher fiber content, blue fish and shellfish and raw fruits and vegetables”, he says and concludes: “If we do it little by little, we have the possibility of locating those foods that make us feel better and worse ».

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